I have been using git since I started working on Cappuccino. Over time I’ve found several useful additions to my configuration that made working with it easier.
While working with git it’s easy to get lost in branches, tags and commits. The bash completion script included with git helps to keep track. It's core functionality is autocompletion, but it can optionally show the current branch after your prompt.
Installation instructions are included in the file, which you can find in the git repository under
contrib/completion/. If you change your bash prompt to show the current branch (step 3) consider using
PS1='\h:\W'$RED'$(__git_ps1 "@%s")'$NONE'\$ '. It will display the current branch in red, making it much more obvious.
Git (since version 1.4) includes support for aliasing commands. For a quick introduction see this tutorial on the git wiki.
These are the aliases I currently use:
[alias] co = checkout mg = merge st = status ci = commit br = branch df = difftool lg = log --graph --pretty=format:'%C(bold red)%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold green)<%an>%Creset' --abbrev-commit --date=relative lc = log ORIG_HEAD.. --no-merges --graph --pretty=format:'%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)<%an>%Creset' --abbrev-commit --date=relative
With the exception of
lg all my aliases are shortcuts for git commands. The
lg alias is a shortcut for
git log with custom formatting.
lc is the same, but it only shows the last fetched commits. While you’re adding aliases don’t forget to alias git itself as well. I’ve added the following to
alias g='git' # Make the autocompleton work with the g alias complete -o bashdefault -o default -o nospace -F _git g 2>/dev/null \ || complete -o default -o nospace -F _git g
Editor and difftool
I’ve changed my default git editor to Textmate. This means commands that require text entry, such as commit and tag, will open Textmate. You can change the editor by running:
git config --global core.editor 'mate -w' or by setting the
GIT_EDITOR environment variable.
Lastly I’ve also changed my difftool to Kaleidoscope. This is easily done from Kaleidscope itself by going to the Integration in the Kaleidscope menu. If you don’t have Kaleidoscope already you can currently buy it for a 50% discount in the Mac app store.
This is just a summary of how I configured git. If this post has whet your appetite use Google and mix and match several setups to find your perfect git setup.